Note: This effect is observed for different magnetostatic fields at the same resonant frequency or, equivalently, for different frequencies at the same static magnetic intensity.
Zhadin, Deryugina & Pisachenko, 1999) (Table 1). Liboff (2010) suggested that this effect likely reflects the endogenous nature of Bioresonance, wherein multiple ionic resonances occur simultaneously giving rise to a balanced homeostatic physiologic outcome. If this is true then it should be possible, in principle, to selectively reduce the undesirable in favor of the desirable. Reports (Smith et al., 1992) indicate that ICR applications can increase the rates of proliferation in neuroblastoma cell culture. Is it possible that there exist ICR conditions that would have the opposite effect, namely to reduce the rates of proliferation in cancer cell lines, opening the way to new cancer fighting techniques?
Since the time of Galvani, evidence has accumulated indicating that living systems make use of EM fields. Until recently, this connection between electricity and biology was limited to the nervous system. It now appears that all the major functional structures of living systems can be regarded as EM field sources. Organisms, in turn, can be thought of as EM objects containing atomic and molecular structures.
Medical use of EMF has a long history. Modem medical applications of EMF are used to heal nonunions of bone fractures (Zhadin et al., 1999) and treat some bone-related diseases (e.g. osteoporosis and osteoarthritis), although the specific molecular mechanisms are not understood. The application of EMF to stimulate osteogenesis, for instance, is incorrectly based on the idea of stimulating the natural endogenous streaming potentials in bone. Although EM medicine is still in its infancy, there is much evidence that ICR exposure can tune eukaryotic cells toward cell differentiation and maturation, influencing physiological processes (Berg & Zang, 1993; Bistolfi, 1987; Bistolfi, 1990; Lisi, Foletti, et al., 2006; Lisi, Ledda, De Carlo, Foletti, et al., 2008; Lisi, Rieti, et al., 2006). These data suggest possible future applications of EM protocols, including Bioresonance, for the treatment of a wide range of human diseases by means of specific relevant frequency patterns delivered with specific biomedical technology, thereby providing an important tool in clinical medical practice.
In a certain sense, endogenous resonance signaling represents a more modern version of Carlos Matteucci’s nineteenth century work on currents of injury (Matteucci, 1834), rescued from obscurity by Robert Becker, who recognized these currents as an intrinsic feature of living things, a built-in ability that uses electricity to regulate and repair the organism (Becker & Spadaro, 1972). ICR signaling can be regarded as a cellular version of Matteucci’s currents of injury.
Apart from its obvious potential as a tool in medicine, there is a deeper question attached to the phenomenon of Bioresonance. What is the underlying biological reason for applications of ICR magnetic stimulation to result in such robust and varied effects, ranging from enhanced cell proliferation to stem cell differentiation, from changing the rates of plant growth to altering the conductivity of glu solutions? This speaks of the likelihood of heretofore unknown biological effects that still remain to be illuminated. One possibility that has been recently hypothesized (Liboff, 2010) is that these various ICR experiments, all involving time-varying MFs, are actually tapping into a basic biological process utilizing time-varying electric fields (Liboff, 1997) stochastically generated at the cell membrane to provide a regulatory system for cell function involving the geomagnetic field. Still another possibility surrounds the remarkable response of lymphocytes to weak ELF MFs, suggesting that the immune system is responsive to EM signals generated by pathogens (Liboff, in press). Both speculations fall within the guiding hypothesis of this work, namely that ELF signaling is an important endogenous feature of living organisms.
We still need to build bridges between biology and physics, particularly QED (Del Giudice, Fleischmann, Preparata, & Talpo, 2002; Del Giudice & Preparata, 1995; Del Giudice et al., 1995; Preparata, 1995), information theory (Foletti, Lisi, Ledda, De Carlo, & Grimaldi, 2009; Rubik, 1995; Stuart, 1985a,b) and the theory of open systems (Barbieri, 2004; Becker, 2004; Bertalanffy, 1949, 1950; Frohlich, 1988; Frohlich & Kremer, 1983; Liboff, 2004, 2007; Mae-Wan, 1998; Pokorny & Wu, 1998; Popp & Beloussov, 2003; Volodyaev, 2005; Zewail, 2008). In this framework, the concept of resonance signaling can play a unifying role in bridging this gap. Not only can it provide a new tool to help manage biological complexity at the bedside of the sick but perhaps it will also help us find an answer to the old question about the basis to life (Sahu, Hirata, Fujuita, Ghosh, & Bandyopadhyay, in press; Schrodinger, 1944; Darr, Popp, & Schommers, 2002).
Declaration of interest
The authors report no conflicts of interest. The authors alone are responsible for the content and writing of the paper.
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